PresenterPeterson John - Kiel University, Linguistics, Kiel, Germany
Panel19 – Beyond “linguistic areas” – Recent advances in the study of language contact in South Asia
As Nadkarni (1975) shows, Kannada (South Dravidian) has had a profound impact on the morpho-syntax of relative clauses in the Southern Indo-Aryan language Konkani as this is spoken by the Saraswat community in Karnataka. This influence has been demonstrated for other areas of the grammar as well in Goan Konkani, such as with negative-marking strategies (Peterson, 2022; Peterson & Chevallier, 2022), so that Konkani now likely has the most complex negative-marking system of any NIA language.
In my talk, I will show that this Kannada influence also extends to the Konkani case system, which with 13 cases is undoubtedly one of the largest case systems of NIA languages and appears to be expanding. I will also show that this influence has led to a number of typologically unusual cases, most but perhaps not all of which can be directly traced back to Kannada influence.
Nadkarni, M.V. 1975. Bilingualism and Syntactic Change in Konkani. Language 51:672-83
Peterson, John. 2022. A sociolinguistic-typological approach to the linguistic prehistory of South Asia – Two case studies. Language Dynamics and Change. 12/2: 224-273. doi: https://doi.org/10.1163/22105832-bja10018
Peterson, John & Lennart Chevallier. 2022 Towards a typology of negation in South Asian languages. Bhāṣā, Journal of South Asian Linguistics, Philology and Grammar Traditions. 1/1: 17-62. DOI: 10.30687/bhasha/8409-3769/2022/01/005